Kroisos, Anavysos, Greece. 530 BCE, Archaic.
Ancient Greece is the measure of Western Civilization. Although they borrowed greatly from Eastern and Egyptian culture, the Greeks invited philosophy and democracy: the novel perception that mankind could rule themselves (from the word ‘demos’ > people). They developed literature, science, and made huge strides in art.
The Greeks closely studied anatomy and the human body, particularly the male body. Man was the measure of all things. Although their depictions of the body was not abstracted, it was idealized; bodies were the compilation of perfect human parts. They stressed a balance between intellect and physicality: to have a sound mind, you must have a sound body, and vice versa.
The Ancient Greek brand of democracy wasn’t exactly like modern democracy. The only people who voted were land owning male citizens, the dominate upper class.
Warrior Vase, Mycenae, Greece. 1200 BCE, Mycenaean.
Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece. 1300 BCE. Mycenaean.
Marine style octopus jar, Palikastro (Crete), Greece. 1500 BCE. Minoan.
if you have corrections for me, please leave them in my ask box so i can edit the post! especially for ancient artwork, some of my professors taught from outdated material, and i don’t have time to fact check everything.
Snake Goddess from the palace at Knossos, Crete, Greece. 1600 BCE, Minoan.
Bull-leaping, from the palace at Knossos, Crete, Greece. 1450 - 1400 BCE. Minoan.
Palace of Knossos, Crete, Greece. 1400 - 1200 BCE, Minoan.
Figurine of a woman, Syros (Cyclades), Greece. 2500 - 2300 BCE. Cycladic.